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Post-Concussion Syndrome (PCS) may be diagnosed when the symptoms of a concussion are prolonged for more than six weeks. 85% of people who suffer from a concussion will be asymptomatic within two weeks and fully functioning within four. Recovery from PCS, however, can last months to years. All concussions are forms of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI).

A note on language: Some doctors and researchers are moving away from the term Post-Concussion Syndrome and instead, moving towards the language of Persistent Concussion Symptoms. For inclusivity, we use both of these terms interchangeably.

In my mind, there are three qualities of Post-Concussion Syndrome that make recovery particularly difficult when compared to other injuries: an unpredictable recovery timeline, the frequent invisibility of injury, and the complexity of our brains..  In order to properly treat Post-Concussion Syndrome, we must consider the biological, psychological, and social impacts concussions often have on individuals.

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If you have suffered from PCS, you may have experienced similar transitions in your own life-

The reality of redefining your “new normal” or, the terminology I prefer, your “second self”, requiring you to adjust your management of stress, pain, and relationships.


Grief associated with a loss of identity.


Feeling the need to repeatedly advocate for yourself when doctors, friends, coaches, colleagues and family simplify your symptoms to their own terms.


A myriad of symptoms that may impact physical, cognitive, vestibular, ocular, sleep, emotional, mental and social functioning

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